Publishing Ethics

EDP Sciences promotes ethical publication practices and its journals are committed to the highest standards of publishing integrity and academic honesty.

Editors, reviewers and authors of the journals published by EDP Sciences are encouraged to refer to The Committee on Publishing Ethics (COPE) for all aspects of publication ethics.

EDP Sciences follows the COPE Code of Conduct for Journal Publishers:

  • For all journals, the relationship between EDP Sciences, editor and other parties, is defined in a contract.
  • EDP Sciences respects peer reviewers’ privacy.
  • EDP Sciences protects intellectual property and copyright.
  • EDP Sciences fosters editorial independence. We are committed to ensuring that editorial decisions are independent of commercial, political or other considerations. The relationship between EDP Sciences and the journal editors, sponsoring societies, or journal owners are based on trust and respect.
  • EDP Sciences works with journal editors to set journal policies appropriately and aim to meet those policies particularly with respect to research ethics, authorship, transparency and integrity and peer review:
    • All journals make clear their aims and scope, editorial policy and manuscript requirements in terms of presentation and submissions.
    • Journals' instructions for authors are available to any contributor.
    • Authors are expected to pursue objectiveness and rigour in all aspects of their work. Publications should be basically correct and sound and the results should represent a significant step forward, and not just a minor improvement on earlier work.
    • The list of authors should accurately reflect who did the work. Journal instructions for authors explain the concepts of academic authorship and require that nobody who meets the journal's criteria for authorship has been omitted from the list.
    • Journals only consider work that has not been published and is not being considered for publication elsewhere.
    • Editors, authors and peer reviewers are encouraged to disclose interests that might appear to affect their ability to present or review data objectively.
    • Journals recommend the use of a specific copyright and make it available on the journal pages.
  • EDP Sciences works in partnership with the research community, learned societies, scholarly organisations and other actors of scholarly publishing. We encourage authors, editors and peer reviewers to follow the "Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing".

EDP Sciences is a member of:

  • Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association
    Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association
  • International Association of Scientific, Technical & Medical Publishers
    International Association of Scientific, Technical & Medical Publishers
  • Committee on Publication Ethics
    Committee on Publication Ethics
    Connecting Research and Researchers
  • Directory of Open Access Journals
    Directory of Open Access Journals

EDP Sciences follows the standards provided by international organisations of publishing ethics and recommendations:

 International Committee of Medical Journal Editors
International Committee of Medical Journal Editors
Council of Science Editors
Council of Science Editors
World Association of Medical Editors

Peer Reviewing Policy

Peer reviewing of scientific articles is a cornerstone in the full process of STM journal publishing. Reviewer selection is carried out by the Editorial boards of the journals published by EDP Sciences and is based on their expertise. Each reviewer receives only articles matching with their field of expertise. The reviewer has a duty to not accept an invitation to review should there be a potential conflict of interest or a situation where an unbiased review would not be possible.

Each journal has its own criteria for reviewing, some are formal and give detailed instructions, whereas, others may only recommend that the reviewer should aim to improve the article’s scientific quality. In the first case, each article is checked against a fixed set of criteria and the reviewer must only check the article to ensure the content fits the requested items. In the latter case a more general review is carried out. The reviewer is expected to point out any inconsistencies in methodology and/or results and conclusions and also to raise any ethical concerns. The reviewer should provide any recommended improvements to the manuscript in a constructive, professional report. This report should be submitted to the Editor-in-Chief in a timely manner and the Editor-in-Chief may choose to adopt the recommendations or not. If a journal decides not to include all the submitted manuscripts in the peer reviewing process, this must be pointed out on the journal’s website with the given reasons. This is mostly due to the fact that the content does not fit with the journal’s scope, or the manuscript doesn’t comply with the journal’s instructions for authors.

The journals published by EDP Sciences use single or double blind peer reviewing with either one or two reviewers per manuscript. If the two reviewers’ conclusions are opposing, a third peer reviewer may be invited by some journals. Reviewers are expected to give any constructive comments with the view to improving the article’s quality, however reviewers are also expected to inform the Editor-in-Chief about any suspicion of misconduct.

The Editors-in-Chief then compile a report with the suggestions from the peer reviewers. Some journals allow authors to explain why they do not agree with the peer reviewer’s point of view and, depending on the justifications given by the authors, the Editor-in-Chief may or may not accept this.

If the journal uses an online article submission and peer reviewing system, authors are given access to the system to monitor the progress of the peer reviewing process.

The Editors-in-Chief are expected to monitor the peer reviewer’s activity, regarding timeliness, constructive comments and quality of the comments. The reviewers will be given the expectations that the Editors-in-Chief have regarding their activity.

EDP Sciences publishes journals with different copyright policies:

  • Copyright sits with the journal owner (a learned society)
  • Copyright sits with EDP Sciences
  • Joint copyright with both EDP Sciences and the learned society

For Open Access journals, or subscription journals that accept Open Access articles, the copyright sits with the author. In the latter case, these articles are published under CC-BY licenses, allowing the reuse and distribution of the material, as long as the original publication is properly cited.

Subscription journals each have their own embargo policy.

When the copyright of the journal belongs to EDP Sciences, authors have the right to post their articles in the publisher's version (PDF published by EDP Sciences) on a personal or institutional website (open archive). However, reconstitution of the complete journal on a competing open site is not allowed.

Malpractice and Misconduct Policy

EDP Sciences strongly encourages journal Editors-in-Chief and editorial boards to produce their own policy concerning how to deal with malpractice and misconduct with regards to the research published in their journals.

EDP Sciences strongly encourages each journal to follow the guidelines established by COPE, WAME, ICMJE and other organizations and to display that they follow these guidelines on their website. If a journal is not familiar with these guidelines, EDP Sciences sets them up together with the boards, and assists the Editors-in-Chief should malpractice and misconduct occur.

As these guidelines are regularly updated, and in order to provide any reader or concerned author with access to the latest versions of these guidelines, it is recommended that journals do not describe the exact policy, but refer to the COPE website with a link to these guidelines.

More widely, the journals have policies on how to face falsification of data, plagiarism (with general or occasional use of detection tools), authorship disputes, misappropriation of the ideas of others, not declaring conflicts of interest (authors and reviewers), respecting confidentiality, patients’ and animal rights if involved in research protocols, etc.

In case of any allegation of misconduct, an inquiry will be conducted by the Editor-in-Chief, or by the publishing editor, in close collaboration with the Editor-in-Chief and the involved parties will be requested to give their point of view. Any decisions made following the inquiry will be taken by closely following the COPE guidelines.

In the case of proven misconduct, the person’s superior, his/her institution and his/her funding organization may be informed depending on the severity of the case. If the allegations concern not yet published work, the submitted article may be retracted from peer reviewing, the author might be removed from the journals’ board, Editors-in-Chief of journals in the same field might be informed (as confidentially as possible). If the allegations concern already published work, the above sanctions may apply accompanied by the publication of a text informing the readers of any misconduct. The publication of notices of information or retraction are also scheduled depending on the severity of the case’s misconduct, describing why there is a concern or why the article is retracted.

General Advertising Policy

In order to generate additional income, journals published by EDP Sciences have the ability to include advertising. This income remains “additional” and is not dominant neither with respect to subscriptions, nor to article processing charges, depending on the journal’s business model.

Advertising is available for both versions of the journals, electronic and print (if a print version is still available).

Selling of advertisements is carried out independently of the published content, and adverts are not positioned next to an article about the product or in relation to the product.

In print versions, the advertisements precede or follow the editorial section. For the electronic versions, it is possible to have banner adverts on the journal’s homepage or in ToC alerts.

There is a clear distinction between the editorial content and the advertisements as the latter are clearly identifiable with respect and in opposition to scientific content.

EDP Sciences does not accept any advertisement about harmful or dangerous products.

All the medical journals published by EDP Sciences are fully complaint with ICMJE and WAME and the Editor-in-Chief has final authority for approving the publication of any advertisements. All the advertisements respect national and/or international regulations.

Each journal displays its own policy on the journal’s homepage as it may differ from EDP Sciences policy.

Repository Policy

For journals owned by EDP Sciences, authors have the right to post their articles in the publisher's version (PDF published by EDP Sciences) on a personal or institutional website (open archive) with no embargo period. The reconstitution of the complete journal on a competing open site is not allowed.

For journals owned by third parties, the owners may have different repository policies. The exact policy is indicated on each journal’s website.